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    West Virginia Region


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    West Virginia Region

    Das Fairfield Inn & Suites by Marriott Huntington erwartet Sie mit Grillmöglichkeiten in Huntington in der Region Westvirginia, 6 km von der Marshall University. Hotels in der Region West Virginia - nmd-info.nu Billig Hotel-Angebote. Utiliza el buscador de hoteles en West Virginiafinden Sie Ihr Hotel und profitieren Sie. HRS Preisgarantie mit Geld-zurück-Versprechen: Günstige Region Southern West Virginia Hotels ✓ Geprüfte Hotelbewertungen ✓ Kostenlose Stornierung.

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    [wɛst vɝːd͡ʒɪnjə], deutsch älter auch West-Virginien) ist ein Bundesstaat der Vereinigten Staaten in der Region der Appalachen, im Volksmund The Mountain​. Unter dem Namen West Virginia wurde diese Region zum Staat der USA. Als Grund für die Abspaltung wird häufig die Sklaverei genannt, wahrscheinlich. West Virginia, in the Appalachian Highlands, has some of the most rugged land in the United States. The state has very few large areas of level ground, except for. Das Fairfield Inn & Suites by Marriott Huntington erwartet Sie mit Grillmöglichkeiten in Huntington in der Region Westvirginia, 6 km von der Marshall University. West Virginia. Gefällt Mal · waren hier. West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States. It is. Regionen quäldich-Welt | USA | West Virginia: Shenandoah Mountain, 0, 1, Region, Appalachian Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Virginia, West Virginia. West Virginia trägt aufgrund seiner bergigen Landschaft auch die Bezeichnung „​The Mountain State“ (Bergstaat). Die Bergbauregion weist ein.

    West Virginia Region

    Regionen quäldich-Welt | USA | West Virginia: Shenandoah Mountain, 0, 1, Region, Appalachian Mountains, Blue Ridge Mountains, Virginia, West Virginia. Das Fairfield Inn & Suites by Marriott Huntington erwartet Sie mit Grillmöglichkeiten in Huntington in der Region Westvirginia, 6 km von der Marshall University. West Virginia. Gefällt Mal · waren hier. West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States. It is. This is one of the best breakfasts that we have encountered on our travels. Möglicherweise Spile Es Reisen nur für bestimmte Zwecke erlaubt und insbesondere touristische Reisen sind unter Umständen nicht gestattet. Enrisa Reyes. Verfügbarkeit prüfen. Jeden Morgen steht im Hotel ein Frühstücksbuffet für Sie bereit. Staff was very friendly Plentys Horn helpful. Alle Hotels in der Region West Virginia anzeigen. Aktualisiert:

    West Virginia Region - US-Bundesstaat West Virginia: Geschichte, Politik, Bevölkerung und Geografie

    West Virginia, eine tolle Gegend. Die einst prächtigen Wälder waren für lange Zeit abgeholzt. Ihre Unterkunft anmelden. West Virginia Region

    A horizon extending from a little before the early 18th century is sometimes called the acculturating Fireside Cabin culture.

    Trading posts were established by European traders along the Potomac and James rivers. Tribes that inhabited West Virginia as of were the Siouan Monongahela Culture to the north, the Fort Ancient culture along the Ohio River from the Monongahela to Kentucky and extending an unknown distance inland, [11] and the Eastern Siouan Tutelo and Moneton tribes in the southeast.

    There was also the Iroquoian Susquehannock in the region approximately east of the Monongahela River and north of the Monongahela National Forest, a possible tribe called the Senandoa, or Shenandoah, in the Shenandoah Valley and the easternmost tip of the state may have been home to the Manahoac people.

    The Monongahela may have been the same as a people known as the Calicua, or Cali. During the Beaver Wars, other tribes moved into the region. There was the Iroquoian Tiontatecaga also Little Mingo, Guyandotte , [13] who seem to have split off from the Petun after they were defeated by the Iroquois.

    They eventually settled somewhere between the Kanawha and Little Kanawha Rivers. During the s, when the Mingo Seneca seceded from the Iroquois and returned to the Ohio River Valley, they contend that this tribe merged with them.

    The Shawnee arrived as well, but were primarily stationed within former Monongahela territory approximately until , however they did extend their influence throughout the Ohio River region.

    The Erie, who were chased out of Ohio around , are now believed to be the same as the Westo , who invaded as far as South Carolina before being destroyed in the s.

    If so, their path would have brought them through West Virginia. The historical movement of the Tutelo, [14] as well as Carbon dating for the Fort Ancients seem to correspond with the given period of — as the time of their removal.

    From disease, constant warfare and an inability to provide for themselves financially, they began to collapse and moved further and further east, to the Susquehanna River of Eastern Pennsylvania.

    The Westo did not secure the territory they conquered. Before they were even gone, displaced natives from the south flooded into freshly conquered regions and took them over.

    They took in and merged with the Monetons, who began to refer to themselves as the Mohetons. The Calicua also began to refer to themselves as Cherokees soon after, showing an apparent further merger.

    These Shattaras were closely related to the tribes which formed to the south in the aftermath of the Westo—the Yuchi and Cherokee.

    From to , the Yamasee War sprang up. The Senandoa allegedly sided with the Yuchi and were destroyed by Yamasee allies. Another tribe who appeared in the region were the Canaragay, or Kanawha.

    They were the first Europeans recorded as discovering Kanawha Falls. Some sources state that Governor Alexander Spotswood 's Knights of the Golden Horseshoe Expedition for which the state's Golden Horseshoe Competition for 8th graders was named had penetrated as far as Pendleton County ; however, modern historians interpret the original accounts of the excursion as suggesting that none of the expedition's horsemen ventured much farther west of the Blue Ridge Mountains than Harrisonburg, Virginia.

    John Van Metre, an Indian trader, penetrated into the northern portion in The same year, German settlers from Pennsylvania founded New Mecklenburg, the present Shepherdstown , on the Potomac River , and others followed.

    King Charles II of England , in , granted to a company of gentlemen the land between the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers, known as the Northern Neck.

    Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron ultimately took possession of this grant, and in , a stone was erected at the source of the North Branch Potomac River to mark the western limit of his grant.

    A considerable part of this land was surveyed by the young George Washington between and The diary kept by Washington recorded that there were already many squatters, largely of German origin, along the South Branch Potomac River.

    Christopher Gist , a surveyor in the employ of the first Ohio Company , which was composed chiefly of Virginians, explored the country along the Ohio River north of the mouth of the Kanawha River between and The company sought to have a fourteenth colony established with the name " Vandalia ".

    Many settlers crossed the mountains after , though they were hindered by Native American resistance.

    Few Native Americans lived permanently within the present limits of the state, but the region was a common hunting ground, crossed by many trails.

    By , however, the Shawnee had returned to war, joining the Chickamauga , a band of Cherokee known for the area where they lived.

    During the war, the settlers in western Virginia were generally active Whigs and many served in the Continental Army. Social conditions in western Virginia were entirely unlike those in the eastern portion of the state.

    The population was not homogeneous, as a considerable part of the immigration came by way of Pennsylvania and included Germans, Protestant Scotch-Irish , and settlers from the states farther north.

    Counties in the east and south were settled mostly by eastern Virginians. During the American Revolution, the movement to create a state beyond the Alleghenies was revived and a petition for the establishment of " Westsylvania " was presented to Congress , on the grounds that the mountains presented an almost impassable barrier to the east.

    The rugged nature of the country made slavery unprofitable, and time only increased the social, political, economic, and cultural differences see Tuckahoe-Cohee between the two sections of Virginia.

    In , a constitutional convention met in Richmond to consider reforms to Virginia's outdated constitution.

    Philip Doddridge of Brooke County championed the cause of western Virginians who sought a more democratic frame of government.

    In addition, the — convention gave the slave-holding counties the benefit of three-fifths of their slave population in apportioning the state's representation in the U.

    House of Representatives. As a result, every county west of the Alleghenies except one voted to reject the constitution, which nevertheless passed because of eastern support.

    The Virginia Constitutional Convention of —51 , the Reform Convention, addressed a number of issues important to western Virginians.

    It extended the vote to all white males 21 years or older. The governor, lieutenant governor, the judiciary, sheriffs, and other county officers were to be elected by public vote.

    The composition of the General Assembly was changed. Representation in the house of delegates was apportioned on the basis of the census of , counting whites only.

    The Senate representation was arbitrarily fixed at 50 seats, with the west receiving twenty, and the east thirty senators. This was made acceptable to the west by a provision that required the General Assembly to reapportion representation on the basis of white population in , or else put the matter to a public referendum.

    But the east also gave itself a tax advantage in requiring a property tax at true and actual value, except for slaves. Small farmers, however, had all their assets, animals, and land taxed at full value.

    Despite this tax and the lack of internal improvements in the west, the vote was 75, for and 11, against the new Constitution.

    Most of the opposition came from delegates from eastern counties, who did not like the compromises made for the west.

    Given these differences, many in the west had long contemplated a separate state. In particular, men such as lawyer Francis H. Pierpont from Fairmont, had long chafed under the political domination of the Tidewater and Piedmont slave-holders.

    In addition to differences over the abolition of slavery, he and allies felt the Virginia government ignored and refused to spend funds on needed internal improvements in the west, such as turnpikes and railroads.

    When this First Wheeling Convention met, delegates from 25 counties were present, though more than one-third of the delegates were from the northern panhandle area.

    Some delegates led by John S. Carlile favored the immediate formation of a new state, while others led by Waitman Willey argued that, as Virginia's secession had not yet been passed by the required referendum as happened on May 23 , such action would constitute revolution against the United States.

    On May 23, , secession was ratified by a large majority in Virginia as a whole, but in the western counties 34, voted against and 19, voted for the Ordinance.

    The Second Wheeling Convention met as agreed on June 11 and declared that, since the Secession Convention had been called without popular consent, all its acts were void and that all who adhered to it had vacated their offices.

    This included some hold-over state senators whose four-year terms had begun in , and some who vacated their offices to convene in Wheeling.

    Other members "were chosen even more irregularly—some in mass meetings, others by county committee, and still others were seemingly self-appointed".

    The next day convention delegates chose Francis H. Pierpont as governor of Virginia, and elected other officers to a rival state government and two U.

    The federal government in Washington, D. Thus, there were two state governments in Virginia: one pledging allegiance to the United States and one to the Confederacy.

    The second Wheeling Convention had recessed until August 6, then reassembled on August 20 and called for a popular vote on the formation of a new state and for a convention to frame a constitution if the vote should be favorable.

    At the October 24, election, 18, votes were cast for the new state and only against. Most pro-statehood votes came from 16 counties around the Northern panhandle.

    Votes recorded from pro-secession counties were mostly cast elsewhere by Unionist refugees from these counties. Despite that controversy, delegates including many Methodist ministers met to write a new Constitution for the new state, beginning on November 26, During that constitutional convention, a Mr.

    Lamb of Ohio County and a Mr. Carskadon claimed that in Hampshire County, out of votes only 39 were cast by citizens of the state; the rest were cast illegally by Union soldiers.

    Gordon Battelle , who also represented Ohio County, and who proposed resolutions to establish public schools, as well as to limit movement of slaves into the new state, and to gradually abolish slavery.

    The education proposal succeeded, but the convention tabled the slavery proposals before finishing its work on February 18, The new constitution was more closely modeled on that of Ohio than of Virginia, adopting a township model of government rather than the " courthouse cliques " of Virginia which Carlile criticized, and a compromise demanded by the Kanawha region Charleston lawyers Benjamin Smith and Brown allowed counties and municipalities to vote subsidies for railroads or other improvement organizations.

    On May 13, the state legislature of the reorganized government approved the formation of the new state. However, Sen.

    Carlile sought to sabotage the bill, first trying to expand the new state's boundaries to include the Shenandoah Valley, and then to defeat the Willey amendment at home.

    Battelle had urged in the Wheeling Intelligencer and also written to Lincoln. While many felt West Virginia's admission as a state was both illegal and unconstitutional, Lincoln issued his Opinion on the Admission of West Virginia finding that "the body which consents to the admission of West Virginia is the Legislature of Virginia", and that its admission was therefore both constitutional and expedient.

    The convention was reconvened on February 12, , and the abolition demand of the federal enabling act was met. The revised constitution was adopted on March 26, and on April 20, , President Lincoln issued a proclamation admitting the state 60 days later on June 20, Meanwhile, officers for the new state were chosen, while Gov.

    Pierpont moved his pro-Union Virginia capital to Union-occupied Alexandria , where he asserted and exercised jurisdiction over all the remaining Virginia counties within the federal lines.

    The question of the constitutionality of the formation of the new state was later brought before the Supreme Court of the United States in Virginia v.

    West Virginia. Berkeley and Jefferson counties lying on the Potomac east of the mountains, in , with the consent of the reorganized government of Virginia voted in favor of annexation to West Virginia.

    Many voters of the strongly pro-secessionist counties were absent in the Confederate Army when the vote was taken and refused to acknowledge the transfer when they returned.

    The Virginia General Assembly repealed the act of secession and, in , brought suit against West Virginia asking the court to declare the counties a part of Virginia, which would have declared West Virginia's admission as a state unconstitutional.

    Meanwhile, on March 10, , Congress passed a joint resolution recognizing the transfer. McClellan 's forces gained possession of the greater part of the territory in the summer of , culminating at the Battle of Rich Mountain , and Union control was never again seriously threatened.

    In , General John D. Imboden , with 5, Confederates, raided a considerable portion of the state and burned Pierpont's library, although Senator Willey escaped their grasp.

    Bands of guerrillas burned and plundered in some sections, and were not entirely suppressed until after the war ended. The area that became West Virginia actually furnished about an equal number of soldiers to the federal and Confederate armies, [49] approximately 22,—25, each.

    In , the Wheeling government found it necessary to strip voting rights from returning Confederates in order to retain control. James Ferguson, who proposed the law, said if it was not enacted he would lose election by votes.

    The Democratic party secured control in , and in , the constitutional amendment of was abrogated. The first steps toward this change had been taken, however, by the Republicans in On August 22, , an entirely new constitution was adopted.

    Beginning in Reconstruction , and for several decades thereafter, the two states disputed the new state's share of the pre-war Virginia government's debts, which had mostly been incurred to finance public infrastructure improvements, such as canals, roads, and railroads under the Virginia Board of Public Works.

    Virginians—led by former Confederate general William Mahone —formed a political coalition based upon this: the Readjuster Party.

    Although West Virginia's first constitution provided for the assumption of a part of the Virginia debt, negotiations opened by Virginia in were fruitless, and in , Virginia funded two-thirds of the debt and arbitrarily assigned the remainder to West Virginia.

    After Reconstruction , the new 35th state benefited from the development of its mineral resources more than any other single economic activity.

    Saltpeter caves had been employed throughout Appalachia for munitions; the border between West Virginia and Virginia includes the "Saltpeter Trail", a string of limestone caverns containing rich deposits of calcium nitrate which were rendered and sold to the government.

    The trail stretched from Pendleton County to the western terminus of the route in the town of Union , Monroe County.

    In the late 18th-century, saltpeter miners in Haynes Cave found large animal bones in the deposits. The bones were named Megalonyx jeffersonii , or great-claw, and became known as Jefferson's three-toed sloth.

    It was declared the official state fossil of West Virginia in The West Virginia official state rock is bituminous coal , [53] and the official state gemstone is silicified Mississippian fossil Lithostrotionella coral.

    The limestone also produced a useful quarry industry, usually small, and softer, high-calcium seams were burned to produce industrial lime. Salt mining had been underway since the 18th century, though it had largely played out by the time of the American Civil War, when the red salt of Kanawha County was a valued commodity of first Confederate, and later Union, forces.

    In years following, more sophisticated mining methods would restore West Virginia's role as a major producer of salt. However, in the second half of the 19th century, there was an even greater treasure not yet developed: bituminous coal.

    It would fuel much of the Industrial Revolution in the U. The residents both Native Americans and early European settlers had long known of the underlying coal, and that it could be used for heating and fuel.

    However, for a long time, "personal" or artisanal mining was the only practical development. After the War, with the new railroads came a practical method to transport large quantities of coal to expanding U.

    As the anthracite mines of northwestern New Jersey and Pennsylvania began to play out during this same time period, investors and industrialists focused new interest in West Virginia.

    Geologists such as Dr. David T. Ansted surveyed potential coal fields and invested in land and early mining projects.

    After its new president Frederick J. In , in the southern part of the state, along the Norfolk and Western rail lines, the important coal center of Bluefield, West Virginia was founded.

    The "capital" of the Pocahontas coalfield , this city would remain the largest city in the southern portion of the state for several decades.

    It shares a sister city with the same name, Bluefield, in Virginia. By only the most rugged terrain of southern West Virginia was any distance from the existing railroads and mining activity.

    Former West Virginia governor William A. MacCorkle described him as a man who knew the land "as a farmer knows a field". Beginning in , Page teamed with northern and European-based investors to take advantage of the undeveloped area.

    Although the Deepwater plan should have provided a competitive shipping market via either railroad, leaders of the two large railroads did not appreciate the scheme.

    In secret collusion, each declined to negotiate favorable rates with Page, nor did they offer to purchase his railroad, as they had many other short-lines.

    One of the silent partner investors Page had enlisted was millionaire industrialist Henry Huttleston Rogers , a principal in John D.

    Rockefeller 's Standard Oil Trust and an old hand at developing natural resources and transportation. A master at competitive "warfare", Henry Rogers did not like to lose in his endeavors and also had "deep pockets".

    When the renamed Virginian Railway VGN was completed in , no fewer than three railroads were shipping ever-increasing volumes of coal to export from Hampton Roads.

    West Virginia coal was also under high demand at Great Lakes ports. As coal mining and related work became major employment activities in the state, there was considerable labor strife as working conditions, safety issues and economic concerns arose.

    Even in the 21st century, mining safety and ecological concerns is still challenging to the state whose coal continues to power electrical generating plants in many other states.

    Coal is not the only valuable mineral found in West Virginia, as the state was the site of the discovery of the Located in the Appalachian Mountain range , West Virginia covers an area of 24, West Virginia is located entirely within the Appalachian Region, and the state is almost entirely mountainous, giving reason to the nickname The Mountain State and the motto Montani Semper Liberi "Mountaineers are always free".

    The elevations and ruggedness drop near large rivers like the Ohio River or Shenandoah River. Though the relief is not high, the plateau region is extremely rugged in most areas.

    On the eastern state line with Virginia , high peaks in the Monongahela National Forest region give rise to an island of colder climate and ecosystems similar to those of northern New England and eastern Canada.

    The National Park Service manages a portion of the gorge and river that has been designated as the New River Gorge National River , one of only fifteen rivers in the U.

    Most of West Virginia lies within the Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests ecoregion , while the higher elevations along the eastern border and in the panhandle lie within the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests.

    The native vegetation for most of the state was originally mixed hardwood forest of oak, chestnut , maple , beech , and white pine , with willow and American sycamore along the state's waterways.

    Many of the areas are rich in biodiversity and scenic beauty, a fact appreciated by native West Virginians, who refer to their home as Almost Heaven from the song, " Take Me Home, Country Roads " by John Denver.

    The underlying rock strata are sandstone , shale , bituminous coal beds, and limestone laid down in a near-shore environment from sediments derived from mountains to the east, in a shallow inland sea on the west.

    Some beds illustrate a coastal swamp environment, some river delta, some shallow water. Sea level rose and fell many times during the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian eras, giving a variety of rock strata.

    The Appalachian Mountains are some of the oldest on earth, having formed more than three hundred million years ago. The climate of West Virginia is generally a humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa , except Dfb at the higher elevations with warm to hot, humid summers and chilly winters, increasing in severity with elevation.

    Some southern highland areas also have a mountain temperate climate Köppen Cfb where winter temperatures are more moderate and summer temperatures are somewhat cooler.

    However, the weather is subject in all parts of the state to change. The hardiness zones range from zone 5b in the central Appalachian mountains to zone 7a in the warmest parts of the lowest elevations.

    In the Eastern Panhandle and the Ohio River Valley, temperatures are warm enough to see and grow subtropical plants such as southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora , crepe myrtle , Albizia julibrissin , American sweetgum and even the occasional needle palm and sabal minor.

    These plants do not thrive as well in other parts of the state. The eastern prickly pear grows well in many portions of the state.

    It is cooler in the mountains than in the lower sections of the state. Valleys in the east have lower rainfall because the Allegheny mountain ridges to the west create a partial rain shadow.

    Slightly more than half the rainfall occurs from April to September. Dense fogs are common in many valleys of the Kanawha section, especially the Tygart Valley.

    West Virginia is also one of the cloudiest states in the nation, with the cities of Elkins and Beckley ranking 9th and 10th in the U. In addition to persistent cloudy skies caused by the damming of moisture by the Alleghenies, West Virginia also experiences some of the most frequent precipitation in the nation, with Snowshoe averaging nearly days a year with either rain or snow.

    Snow usually lasts only a few days in the lower sections but may persist for weeks in the higher mountain areas. Severe weather is somewhat less prevalent in West Virginia than in most other eastern states, and it ranks among the least tornado-prone states east of the Rockies.

    In the same year, 1. As of , West Virginia has an estimated population of 1,,, which is a decrease of 10, 0.

    This includes a natural decrease of 3, , births minus , deaths and an increase from net migration of 14, into the state. West Virginia is the least populous southeastern state.

    Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 3,, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 10, Only 1.

    It also has the lowest percentage of residents who speak a language other than English in the home 2. The five largest ancestry groups in West Virginia are: German Large numbers of people of German ancestry are present in the northeastern counties of the state.

    People of English ancestry are present throughout the entire state. There were 20, births in Of these, 19, There were 22 births to American Indians 0.

    Also, those in the Eastern Panhandle feel a connection with the Washington, D. Finally, the towns and farms along the mid- Ohio River , which forms most of the state's western border, have an appearance and culture somewhat resembling the Midwest.

    Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

    This sometimes leads to the belief that these communities are "unchurched". The largest denomination as of was the United Methodist Church with , members in 1, congregations.

    The Southern Baptist church had 44, members and congregations. The Churches of Christ had 22, members and congregations. A survey conducted in by the Pew Research Center found that West Virginia was the seventh most "highly religious" state in the United States.

    The economy of West Virginia nominally would be the 62nd largest economy globally behind Iraq and ahead of Croatia according to World Bank projections, [88] and the 64th largest behind Iraq and ahead of Libya according to International Monetary Fund projections.

    The real GDP growth of the state in of. While per capita income fell 2. Morgantown was ranked by Forbes as the 10 best small city in the nation to conduct business in The net corporate income tax rate is 6.

    The U. Bureau of Economic Analysis reported that in West Virginia's economy grew twice as fast as the next fastest growing state East of the Mississippi River, ranking third alongside Wyoming and just behind North Dakota and Texas among the fastest growing states in the United States.

    Canaan Valley is popular for winter sports, Seneca Rocks is one of the premier rock climbing destinations in the eastern U. In addition to such outdoor recreation opportunities, the state offers a number of historic and cultural attractions.

    Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is a historic town situated at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers.

    Harpers Ferry was the site of John Brown 's raid on the U. Armory and Arsenal. The Greenbrier hotel and resort , originally built in , has long been considered a premier hotel, frequented by numerous world leaders and U.

    For the Centennial of the State, it hosted two high school graduate delegates from each of the 50 States at the National Youth Science Camp near Bartow, and has continued this tradition ever since.

    The main building of Weston State Hospital is the largest hand-cut sandstone building in the western hemisphere, second worldwide only to the Kremlin in Moscow.

    Tours of the building, which is a National Historic Landmark and part of the National Civil War Trail , are offered seasonally and by appointment year round.

    West Virginia has numerous popular festivals throughout the year. One of the major resources in West Virginia's economy is coal.

    Nearly all the electricity generated in West Virginia is from coal-fired power plants. West Virginia produces a surplus of electricity and leads the Nation in net interstate electricity exports.

    Source: [] [] [] []. West Virginia personal income tax is based on federal adjusted gross income not taxable income , as modified by specific items in West Virginia law.

    Citizens are taxed within five income brackets, which range from 3. West Virginia counties administer and collect property taxes , although property tax rates reflect levies for state government, county governments, county boards of education and municipalities.

    Counties may also impose a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places not located within the city limits of any municipality that levies such a tax.

    Municipalities may levy license and gross receipts taxes on businesses located within the city limits and a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places in the city.

    Although the Department of Tax and Revenue plays a major role in the administration of this tax, less than half of one percent of the property tax collected goes to state government.

    The primary beneficiaries of the property tax are county boards of education. Property taxes are paid to the sheriff of each of the state's 55 counties.

    Each county and municipality can impose its own rates of property taxation within the limits set by the West Virginia Constitution. The West Virginia legislature sets the rate of tax of county boards of education.

    This rate is used by all county boards of education statewide. However, the total tax rate for county boards of education may differ from county to county because of excess levies.

    The Department of Tax and Revenue supervises and otherwise assists counties and municipalities in their work of assessment and tax rate determination.

    The total tax rate is a combination of the tax levies from four state taxing authorities: state, county, schools and municipal.

    This total tax rate varies for each of the four classes of property, which consists of personal, real and intangible properties.

    Property is assessed according to its use, location and value as of July 1. WV Assessments has a free searchable database of West Virginia real estate tax assessments, covering current and past years.

    All property is reappraised every three years; annual adjustments are made to assessments for property with a change of value. West Virginia does not impose an inheritance tax.

    Because of the phase-out of the federal estate tax credit, West Virginia's estate tax is not imposed on estates of persons who died on or after January 1, The largest private employers in West Virginia, as of March , were: [].

    On January 9, , a chemical spill contaminated the water supply of , people in nine West Virginia counties near Charleston. Personal income growth in West Virginia during was only 1.

    West Virginia's poverty rate is one of the highest in the nation. The West Virginia teachers' strike in inspired teachers in other states to take similar action.

    During —, about 21, babies per year were born in West Virginia, but over these three years West Virginia had 3, more deaths than births. Overall, West Virginia citizens rated themselves as being more miserable than people in all other states—for five years running.

    Metropolitan Statistical Areas. The Annie E. Casey Foundation's National Index of Children's Progress ranked West Virginia 43rd in the nation for all kids, and last for white kids.

    Stephen Smith, the executive director of the West Virginia Healthy Kids and Families Coalition, said poor employment prospects are to blame: "The pressure to make a good living puts strain on a marriage, and right now it is infinitely harder to make a living here than it was 40 years ago.

    United Health Foundation's "America's Health Rankings" for found that Americans are making considerable progress in key health measures.

    West Virginia, however, ranked either last or second-to-last in twenty categories, including cancer, child immunization, diabetes, disabilities, drug deaths, teeth loss, low birth weight, missed work days due to health, prescription drug overdose, preventable hospitalizations, and senior clinical care.

    During —, about 21, babies per year were born in West Virginia, but there were 24, deaths. In twenty West Virginia coal counties mining more than a million tons of coal per year and having a total population of ,, there are about 10, deaths per year, with 1, of those statistically attributed to deaths from heart, respiratory and kidney disease from living in an Appalachian coal county.

    In , McDowell County had the highest rate of drug-induced deaths of any county in the United States, with a rate of deaths per , people.

    The West Virginia Legislature is bicameral. It is a citizen's legislature, meaning that legislative office is not a full-time occupation, but rather a part-time position.

    Consequently, the legislators often hold a full-time job in their community of residence. Typically, the legislature is in session for 60 days between January and early April.

    The final day of the regular session ends in a bewildering fury of last-minute legislation to meet a constitutionally imposed midnight deadline.

    During the remainder of the year, monthly interim sessions are held in preparation for the regular session. Legislators also gather periodically for 'special' sessions when called by the governor.

    The title of Lieutenant Governor is assigned by statute to the senate president. The governor, elected every four years on the same day as the U.

    Governors of West Virginia can serve two consecutive terms but must sit out a term before serving a third term in office. West Virginia is one of nineteen states that do not have a death penalty , and it is the only state in the southeastern United States to have abolished it.

    For the purpose of courts of general jurisdiction, the state is divided into 31 judicial circuits. Each circuit is made up of one or more counties.

    Circuit judges are elected in non-partisan elections to serve eight-year terms. West Virginia's highest court is the Supreme Court of Appeals.

    West Virginia is one of 11 states with a single appellate court. The state constitution allows for the creation of an intermediate court of appeals, but the Legislature has never created one.

    The Supreme Court is made up of five justices, elected in non-partisan elections to year terms. West Virginia is an alcoholic beverage control state.

    However, unlike most such states, it does not operate retail outlets, having exited that business in It retains a monopoly on wholesaling of distilled spirits only.

    At the state level, West Virginia's politics were largely dominated by the Democratic Party from the Great Depression through the s.

    This was a legacy of West Virginia's very strong tradition of union membership. Senate seat, while Republicans held one U.

    Senate seat, all three of the state's U. House seats, and a majority in both houses of the West Virginia Legislature. In the elections, the Republicans held on to their seats and made gains in the State Senate and gained three statewide offices.

    Since , West Virginians have supported the Republican candidate in every presidential election. The state is regarded as a "deep red" state at the federal level.

    In the presidential election, Republican Donald Trump won the state with The West Virginia Department of Commerce is a government agency responsible for overseeing West Virginia's economy, workforce, natural resources, and tourism, the department oversees nine subsidiary agencies.

    Commercial air travel is facilitated by airports in Charleston, Huntington, Morgantown, Beckley, Lewisburg, Clarksburg, and Parkersburg.

    West Virginia University in Morgantown boasts the PRT personal rapid transit system , the state's only single-rail public transit system.

    Developed by Boeing , the WVU School of Engineering and the Department of Transportation , it was a model for low-capacity light transport designed for smaller cities.

    Recreational transportation opportunities abound in West Virginia, including hiking trails, [] rail trails , [] ATV off-road trails, [] white water rafting rivers, [] and two tourist railroads, the Cass Scenic Railroad [] and the Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad.

    West Virginia is crossed by seven Interstate Highways. I enters the state near White Sulphur Springs in the mountainous east, and exits for Kentucky in the west, near Huntington.

    I enters from Virginia in the south, near Bluefield. It runs north past Parkersburg before it crosses into Ohio. It was constructed beginning in as a two lane road, but rebuilt beginning in to Interstate standards.

    Today almost nothing of the original construction remains. I 's western terminus is in Morgantown. From there it runs east into Maryland.

    At the I terminus in Morgantown, it meets I , which enters from Pennsylvania and runs through the state to its southern terminus in Charleston.

    I briefly runs through West Virginia, crossing the northern panhandle through Wheeling , while I is a bypass of Wheeling making Wheeling among the smallest cities with an interstate bypass.

    I also briefly runs in West Virginia through the Eastern Panhandle where it goes through Martinsburg. The interstates are supplemented by roads constructed under the Appalachian Corridor system.

    Four Corridors are complete. As of , a section from Weston to Kerens just past Elkins, and another section from Wardensville to Davis are complete.

    Other projects under development are a four-lane upgrade of US 35 from Scott Depot to the Ohio River at Point Pleasant, which is about two-thirds complete; a four lane upgrade of WV 10 from Logan to Man and then of WV 80 from Man to Gilbert, which is about half completed; and four lane upgrades to US 52 from Bluefield to Williamson, known as the "King Coal Highway" and from Williamson to Huntington, known as the "Tolsia Highway" which are many years from completion.

    Rail lines in the state used to be more prevalent, but many lines have been discontinued because of increased automobile traffic.

    Many old tracks have been converted to rail trails for recreational use, although the coal producing areas still have railroads running at near capacity.

    Amtrak 's Cardinal roughly parallels I's path through the state. MARC trains serve commuters in the eastern panhandle. Government approved a plan to modify many of the rail tunnels in West Virginia, especially in the southern half of the state, to allow for double stacked cars see inter-modal freight.

    This is expected to also help bring economic growth to the southern half of the state. Because of the mountainous nature of the entire state, West Virginia has several notable tunnels and bridges.

    The most famous of these is the New River Gorge Bridge , which was at a time the longest steel single-arch bridge in the world with a 3,foot m span.

    The bridge is also pictured on the West Virginia state quarter. The Fort Steuben Bridge Weirton-Steubenville Bridge was at the time of its construction one of only three cable-stayed steel girder trusses in the United States.

    The Wheeling Suspension Bridge was the first bridge built across the Ohio River in and for a time was the longest suspension bridge in the world.

    It is still the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in the United States still in use. Originally, the state capital was in Wheeling to It was then moved to Charleston, a more central city to However it was returned to Wheeling in , until the capitol burned down in It was moved back to Charleston in , and it has been there since.

    West Virginia is also home to several professional minor league baseball, football, soccer, and other sports teams. West Virginia's folk heritage is a part of the Appalachian folk music tradition, and includes styles of fiddling , ballad singing, and other styles that draw on Scots-Irish music.

    The first conductor was William R. Wiant, followed by the conductor Antonio Modarelli, who was written about in the November 7, Time Magazine for his composition of the River Saga , a six-section program piece about the Kanawha River according to the Charleston Gazette ' s November 6, photo essay, "Snapshots of the 20th Century".

    The Pulitzer Prize -winning 20th-century composer George Crumb was born in Charleston and earned his bachelor's degree there before moving outside the state.

    There had also been a series of operatic style concerts performed in Wheeling during mid-century as well. The West Virginia Cultural Center in Charleston [] is home to the West Virginia Division of Culture and History, [] which helps underwrite and coordinate a large number of musical activities.

    The center is also home to Mountain Stage , an internationally broadcast live-performance music radio program established in which is carried by many affiliates of National Public Radio.

    The center hosts concerts sponsored by the Friends of Old Time Music and Dance, which brings an assortment of acoustic roots music to West Virginians.

    Huntington's historic Keith-Albee Theatre , built by brothers A. Hyman, was originally opened to the public on May 7, , and hosts a variety of performing arts and music attractions.

    The theatre was eventually gifted to Marshall University and is currently going through renovation to restore it to its original splendor.

    Every summer Elkins hosts the Augusta Heritage Festival, which brings folk musicians from around the world. The Mountaineer Opera House in Milton hosts a variety of musical acts.

    The song mentions the Shenandoah River and the Blue Ridge Mountains , both features traversing the easternmost extremity of the state's "eastern panhandle", in Jefferson County.

    It is a day full day of music by community groups, food, and family fun, culminating in a free performance by the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra with a fireworks display following.

    The event began in and is held on the front lawn of the University of Charleston. It is for the eight public high schools in Kanawha County.

    The festival began in Former state parks: Booker T. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. State of the United States of America.

    This article is about the U. For other uses, see West Virginia disambiguation. For the region in the Western United States, see Mountain states.

    For other uses, see WV disambiguation. State in the United States. Spruce Knob [1] [2] [3]. Potomac River at Virginia border [2] [3].

    Main article: History of West Virginia. Further information: Prehistory of West Virginia. Further information: Protohistory of West Virginia. Main articles: Vandalia colony and Westsylvania.

    See also: History of slavery in West Virginia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Geography of West Virginia.

    Main article: Geology of West Virginia. Further information: Climate change in West Virginia. Largest cities or towns in West Virginia Source: [75].

    Religion in West Virginia [82] religion percent Protestant. Main article: Economy of West Virginia. Wenn du kannst, hilf bitte mit bei der Übersetzung!

    Karte von West Virginia. Dieser Artikel ist in wesentlichen Teilen noch sehr kurz und in vielen Teilen noch in der Entwurfsphase.

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    West Virginia Region Hotels in der Region West Virginia - nmd-info.nu Billig Hotel-Angebote. Utiliza el buscador de hoteles en West Virginiafinden Sie Ihr Hotel und profitieren Sie. HRS Preisgarantie mit Geld-zurück-Versprechen: Günstige Region Southern West Virginia Hotels ✓ Geprüfte Hotelbewertungen ✓ Kostenlose Stornierung. Das Personal ist sehr freundlich und bemüht. It's overall a very clean hotel with friendly and helpful personnel. Very nice place to stay. Some staff Spiel Laden front desk were knowledgeable, others were not. Triadelphia 8 Hotels. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte.

    On August 22, , an entirely new constitution was adopted. Beginning in Reconstruction , and for several decades thereafter, the two states disputed the new state's share of the pre-war Virginia government's debts, which had mostly been incurred to finance public infrastructure improvements, such as canals, roads, and railroads under the Virginia Board of Public Works.

    Virginians—led by former Confederate general William Mahone —formed a political coalition based upon this: the Readjuster Party.

    Although West Virginia's first constitution provided for the assumption of a part of the Virginia debt, negotiations opened by Virginia in were fruitless, and in , Virginia funded two-thirds of the debt and arbitrarily assigned the remainder to West Virginia.

    After Reconstruction , the new 35th state benefited from the development of its mineral resources more than any other single economic activity.

    Saltpeter caves had been employed throughout Appalachia for munitions; the border between West Virginia and Virginia includes the "Saltpeter Trail", a string of limestone caverns containing rich deposits of calcium nitrate which were rendered and sold to the government.

    The trail stretched from Pendleton County to the western terminus of the route in the town of Union , Monroe County.

    In the late 18th-century, saltpeter miners in Haynes Cave found large animal bones in the deposits. The bones were named Megalonyx jeffersonii , or great-claw, and became known as Jefferson's three-toed sloth.

    It was declared the official state fossil of West Virginia in The West Virginia official state rock is bituminous coal , [53] and the official state gemstone is silicified Mississippian fossil Lithostrotionella coral.

    The limestone also produced a useful quarry industry, usually small, and softer, high-calcium seams were burned to produce industrial lime.

    Salt mining had been underway since the 18th century, though it had largely played out by the time of the American Civil War, when the red salt of Kanawha County was a valued commodity of first Confederate, and later Union, forces.

    In years following, more sophisticated mining methods would restore West Virginia's role as a major producer of salt.

    However, in the second half of the 19th century, there was an even greater treasure not yet developed: bituminous coal.

    It would fuel much of the Industrial Revolution in the U. The residents both Native Americans and early European settlers had long known of the underlying coal, and that it could be used for heating and fuel.

    However, for a long time, "personal" or artisanal mining was the only practical development. After the War, with the new railroads came a practical method to transport large quantities of coal to expanding U.

    As the anthracite mines of northwestern New Jersey and Pennsylvania began to play out during this same time period, investors and industrialists focused new interest in West Virginia.

    Geologists such as Dr. David T. Ansted surveyed potential coal fields and invested in land and early mining projects. After its new president Frederick J.

    In , in the southern part of the state, along the Norfolk and Western rail lines, the important coal center of Bluefield, West Virginia was founded.

    The "capital" of the Pocahontas coalfield , this city would remain the largest city in the southern portion of the state for several decades. It shares a sister city with the same name, Bluefield, in Virginia.

    By only the most rugged terrain of southern West Virginia was any distance from the existing railroads and mining activity. Former West Virginia governor William A.

    MacCorkle described him as a man who knew the land "as a farmer knows a field". Beginning in , Page teamed with northern and European-based investors to take advantage of the undeveloped area.

    Although the Deepwater plan should have provided a competitive shipping market via either railroad, leaders of the two large railroads did not appreciate the scheme.

    In secret collusion, each declined to negotiate favorable rates with Page, nor did they offer to purchase his railroad, as they had many other short-lines.

    One of the silent partner investors Page had enlisted was millionaire industrialist Henry Huttleston Rogers , a principal in John D.

    Rockefeller 's Standard Oil Trust and an old hand at developing natural resources and transportation.

    A master at competitive "warfare", Henry Rogers did not like to lose in his endeavors and also had "deep pockets".

    When the renamed Virginian Railway VGN was completed in , no fewer than three railroads were shipping ever-increasing volumes of coal to export from Hampton Roads.

    West Virginia coal was also under high demand at Great Lakes ports. As coal mining and related work became major employment activities in the state, there was considerable labor strife as working conditions, safety issues and economic concerns arose.

    Even in the 21st century, mining safety and ecological concerns is still challenging to the state whose coal continues to power electrical generating plants in many other states.

    Coal is not the only valuable mineral found in West Virginia, as the state was the site of the discovery of the Located in the Appalachian Mountain range , West Virginia covers an area of 24, West Virginia is located entirely within the Appalachian Region, and the state is almost entirely mountainous, giving reason to the nickname The Mountain State and the motto Montani Semper Liberi "Mountaineers are always free".

    The elevations and ruggedness drop near large rivers like the Ohio River or Shenandoah River. Though the relief is not high, the plateau region is extremely rugged in most areas.

    On the eastern state line with Virginia , high peaks in the Monongahela National Forest region give rise to an island of colder climate and ecosystems similar to those of northern New England and eastern Canada.

    The National Park Service manages a portion of the gorge and river that has been designated as the New River Gorge National River , one of only fifteen rivers in the U.

    Most of West Virginia lies within the Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests ecoregion , while the higher elevations along the eastern border and in the panhandle lie within the Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests.

    The native vegetation for most of the state was originally mixed hardwood forest of oak, chestnut , maple , beech , and white pine , with willow and American sycamore along the state's waterways.

    Many of the areas are rich in biodiversity and scenic beauty, a fact appreciated by native West Virginians, who refer to their home as Almost Heaven from the song, " Take Me Home, Country Roads " by John Denver.

    The underlying rock strata are sandstone , shale , bituminous coal beds, and limestone laid down in a near-shore environment from sediments derived from mountains to the east, in a shallow inland sea on the west.

    Some beds illustrate a coastal swamp environment, some river delta, some shallow water. Sea level rose and fell many times during the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian eras, giving a variety of rock strata.

    The Appalachian Mountains are some of the oldest on earth, having formed more than three hundred million years ago. The climate of West Virginia is generally a humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa , except Dfb at the higher elevations with warm to hot, humid summers and chilly winters, increasing in severity with elevation.

    Some southern highland areas also have a mountain temperate climate Köppen Cfb where winter temperatures are more moderate and summer temperatures are somewhat cooler.

    However, the weather is subject in all parts of the state to change. The hardiness zones range from zone 5b in the central Appalachian mountains to zone 7a in the warmest parts of the lowest elevations.

    In the Eastern Panhandle and the Ohio River Valley, temperatures are warm enough to see and grow subtropical plants such as southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora , crepe myrtle , Albizia julibrissin , American sweetgum and even the occasional needle palm and sabal minor.

    These plants do not thrive as well in other parts of the state. The eastern prickly pear grows well in many portions of the state. It is cooler in the mountains than in the lower sections of the state.

    Valleys in the east have lower rainfall because the Allegheny mountain ridges to the west create a partial rain shadow. Slightly more than half the rainfall occurs from April to September.

    Dense fogs are common in many valleys of the Kanawha section, especially the Tygart Valley. West Virginia is also one of the cloudiest states in the nation, with the cities of Elkins and Beckley ranking 9th and 10th in the U.

    In addition to persistent cloudy skies caused by the damming of moisture by the Alleghenies, West Virginia also experiences some of the most frequent precipitation in the nation, with Snowshoe averaging nearly days a year with either rain or snow.

    Snow usually lasts only a few days in the lower sections but may persist for weeks in the higher mountain areas. Severe weather is somewhat less prevalent in West Virginia than in most other eastern states, and it ranks among the least tornado-prone states east of the Rockies.

    In the same year, 1. As of , West Virginia has an estimated population of 1,,, which is a decrease of 10, 0. This includes a natural decrease of 3, , births minus , deaths and an increase from net migration of 14, into the state.

    West Virginia is the least populous southeastern state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 3,, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 10, Only 1.

    It also has the lowest percentage of residents who speak a language other than English in the home 2. The five largest ancestry groups in West Virginia are: German Large numbers of people of German ancestry are present in the northeastern counties of the state.

    People of English ancestry are present throughout the entire state. There were 20, births in Of these, 19, There were 22 births to American Indians 0.

    Also, those in the Eastern Panhandle feel a connection with the Washington, D. Finally, the towns and farms along the mid- Ohio River , which forms most of the state's western border, have an appearance and culture somewhat resembling the Midwest.

    Note: Births in table do not add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

    This sometimes leads to the belief that these communities are "unchurched". The largest denomination as of was the United Methodist Church with , members in 1, congregations.

    The Southern Baptist church had 44, members and congregations. The Churches of Christ had 22, members and congregations. A survey conducted in by the Pew Research Center found that West Virginia was the seventh most "highly religious" state in the United States.

    The economy of West Virginia nominally would be the 62nd largest economy globally behind Iraq and ahead of Croatia according to World Bank projections, [88] and the 64th largest behind Iraq and ahead of Libya according to International Monetary Fund projections.

    The real GDP growth of the state in of. While per capita income fell 2. Morgantown was ranked by Forbes as the 10 best small city in the nation to conduct business in The net corporate income tax rate is 6.

    The U. Bureau of Economic Analysis reported that in West Virginia's economy grew twice as fast as the next fastest growing state East of the Mississippi River, ranking third alongside Wyoming and just behind North Dakota and Texas among the fastest growing states in the United States.

    Canaan Valley is popular for winter sports, Seneca Rocks is one of the premier rock climbing destinations in the eastern U.

    In addition to such outdoor recreation opportunities, the state offers a number of historic and cultural attractions. Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is a historic town situated at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers.

    Harpers Ferry was the site of John Brown 's raid on the U. Armory and Arsenal. The Greenbrier hotel and resort , originally built in , has long been considered a premier hotel, frequented by numerous world leaders and U.

    For the Centennial of the State, it hosted two high school graduate delegates from each of the 50 States at the National Youth Science Camp near Bartow, and has continued this tradition ever since.

    The main building of Weston State Hospital is the largest hand-cut sandstone building in the western hemisphere, second worldwide only to the Kremlin in Moscow.

    Tours of the building, which is a National Historic Landmark and part of the National Civil War Trail , are offered seasonally and by appointment year round.

    West Virginia has numerous popular festivals throughout the year. One of the major resources in West Virginia's economy is coal.

    Nearly all the electricity generated in West Virginia is from coal-fired power plants. West Virginia produces a surplus of electricity and leads the Nation in net interstate electricity exports.

    Source: [] [] [] []. West Virginia personal income tax is based on federal adjusted gross income not taxable income , as modified by specific items in West Virginia law.

    Citizens are taxed within five income brackets, which range from 3. West Virginia counties administer and collect property taxes , although property tax rates reflect levies for state government, county governments, county boards of education and municipalities.

    Counties may also impose a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places not located within the city limits of any municipality that levies such a tax.

    Municipalities may levy license and gross receipts taxes on businesses located within the city limits and a hotel occupancy tax on lodging places in the city.

    Although the Department of Tax and Revenue plays a major role in the administration of this tax, less than half of one percent of the property tax collected goes to state government.

    The primary beneficiaries of the property tax are county boards of education. Property taxes are paid to the sheriff of each of the state's 55 counties.

    Each county and municipality can impose its own rates of property taxation within the limits set by the West Virginia Constitution.

    The West Virginia legislature sets the rate of tax of county boards of education. This rate is used by all county boards of education statewide.

    However, the total tax rate for county boards of education may differ from county to county because of excess levies. The Department of Tax and Revenue supervises and otherwise assists counties and municipalities in their work of assessment and tax rate determination.

    The total tax rate is a combination of the tax levies from four state taxing authorities: state, county, schools and municipal.

    This total tax rate varies for each of the four classes of property, which consists of personal, real and intangible properties.

    Property is assessed according to its use, location and value as of July 1. WV Assessments has a free searchable database of West Virginia real estate tax assessments, covering current and past years.

    All property is reappraised every three years; annual adjustments are made to assessments for property with a change of value.

    West Virginia does not impose an inheritance tax. Because of the phase-out of the federal estate tax credit, West Virginia's estate tax is not imposed on estates of persons who died on or after January 1, The largest private employers in West Virginia, as of March , were: [].

    On January 9, , a chemical spill contaminated the water supply of , people in nine West Virginia counties near Charleston. Personal income growth in West Virginia during was only 1.

    West Virginia's poverty rate is one of the highest in the nation. The West Virginia teachers' strike in inspired teachers in other states to take similar action.

    During —, about 21, babies per year were born in West Virginia, but over these three years West Virginia had 3, more deaths than births.

    Overall, West Virginia citizens rated themselves as being more miserable than people in all other states—for five years running.

    Metropolitan Statistical Areas. The Annie E. Casey Foundation's National Index of Children's Progress ranked West Virginia 43rd in the nation for all kids, and last for white kids.

    Stephen Smith, the executive director of the West Virginia Healthy Kids and Families Coalition, said poor employment prospects are to blame: "The pressure to make a good living puts strain on a marriage, and right now it is infinitely harder to make a living here than it was 40 years ago.

    United Health Foundation's "America's Health Rankings" for found that Americans are making considerable progress in key health measures. West Virginia, however, ranked either last or second-to-last in twenty categories, including cancer, child immunization, diabetes, disabilities, drug deaths, teeth loss, low birth weight, missed work days due to health, prescription drug overdose, preventable hospitalizations, and senior clinical care.

    During —, about 21, babies per year were born in West Virginia, but there were 24, deaths. In twenty West Virginia coal counties mining more than a million tons of coal per year and having a total population of ,, there are about 10, deaths per year, with 1, of those statistically attributed to deaths from heart, respiratory and kidney disease from living in an Appalachian coal county.

    In , McDowell County had the highest rate of drug-induced deaths of any county in the United States, with a rate of deaths per , people.

    The West Virginia Legislature is bicameral. It is a citizen's legislature, meaning that legislative office is not a full-time occupation, but rather a part-time position.

    Consequently, the legislators often hold a full-time job in their community of residence. Typically, the legislature is in session for 60 days between January and early April.

    The final day of the regular session ends in a bewildering fury of last-minute legislation to meet a constitutionally imposed midnight deadline.

    During the remainder of the year, monthly interim sessions are held in preparation for the regular session. Legislators also gather periodically for 'special' sessions when called by the governor.

    The title of Lieutenant Governor is assigned by statute to the senate president. The governor, elected every four years on the same day as the U.

    Governors of West Virginia can serve two consecutive terms but must sit out a term before serving a third term in office.

    West Virginia is one of nineteen states that do not have a death penalty , and it is the only state in the southeastern United States to have abolished it.

    For the purpose of courts of general jurisdiction, the state is divided into 31 judicial circuits. Each circuit is made up of one or more counties.

    Circuit judges are elected in non-partisan elections to serve eight-year terms. West Virginia's highest court is the Supreme Court of Appeals.

    West Virginia is one of 11 states with a single appellate court. The state constitution allows for the creation of an intermediate court of appeals, but the Legislature has never created one.

    The Supreme Court is made up of five justices, elected in non-partisan elections to year terms. West Virginia is an alcoholic beverage control state.

    However, unlike most such states, it does not operate retail outlets, having exited that business in It retains a monopoly on wholesaling of distilled spirits only.

    At the state level, West Virginia's politics were largely dominated by the Democratic Party from the Great Depression through the s.

    This was a legacy of West Virginia's very strong tradition of union membership. Senate seat, while Republicans held one U.

    Senate seat, all three of the state's U. House seats, and a majority in both houses of the West Virginia Legislature. In the elections, the Republicans held on to their seats and made gains in the State Senate and gained three statewide offices.

    Since , West Virginians have supported the Republican candidate in every presidential election. The state is regarded as a "deep red" state at the federal level.

    In the presidential election, Republican Donald Trump won the state with The West Virginia Department of Commerce is a government agency responsible for overseeing West Virginia's economy, workforce, natural resources, and tourism, the department oversees nine subsidiary agencies.

    Commercial air travel is facilitated by airports in Charleston, Huntington, Morgantown, Beckley, Lewisburg, Clarksburg, and Parkersburg.

    West Virginia University in Morgantown boasts the PRT personal rapid transit system , the state's only single-rail public transit system. Developed by Boeing , the WVU School of Engineering and the Department of Transportation , it was a model for low-capacity light transport designed for smaller cities.

    Recreational transportation opportunities abound in West Virginia, including hiking trails, [] rail trails , [] ATV off-road trails, [] white water rafting rivers, [] and two tourist railroads, the Cass Scenic Railroad [] and the Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad.

    West Virginia is crossed by seven Interstate Highways. I enters the state near White Sulphur Springs in the mountainous east, and exits for Kentucky in the west, near Huntington.

    I enters from Virginia in the south, near Bluefield. It runs north past Parkersburg before it crosses into Ohio. It was constructed beginning in as a two lane road, but rebuilt beginning in to Interstate standards.

    Today almost nothing of the original construction remains. I 's western terminus is in Morgantown. From there it runs east into Maryland.

    At the I terminus in Morgantown, it meets I , which enters from Pennsylvania and runs through the state to its southern terminus in Charleston. I briefly runs through West Virginia, crossing the northern panhandle through Wheeling , while I is a bypass of Wheeling making Wheeling among the smallest cities with an interstate bypass.

    I also briefly runs in West Virginia through the Eastern Panhandle where it goes through Martinsburg. The interstates are supplemented by roads constructed under the Appalachian Corridor system.

    Four Corridors are complete. As of , a section from Weston to Kerens just past Elkins, and another section from Wardensville to Davis are complete.

    Other projects under development are a four-lane upgrade of US 35 from Scott Depot to the Ohio River at Point Pleasant, which is about two-thirds complete; a four lane upgrade of WV 10 from Logan to Man and then of WV 80 from Man to Gilbert, which is about half completed; and four lane upgrades to US 52 from Bluefield to Williamson, known as the "King Coal Highway" and from Williamson to Huntington, known as the "Tolsia Highway" which are many years from completion.

    Rail lines in the state used to be more prevalent, but many lines have been discontinued because of increased automobile traffic. Many old tracks have been converted to rail trails for recreational use, although the coal producing areas still have railroads running at near capacity.

    Amtrak 's Cardinal roughly parallels I's path through the state. MARC trains serve commuters in the eastern panhandle. Government approved a plan to modify many of the rail tunnels in West Virginia, especially in the southern half of the state, to allow for double stacked cars see inter-modal freight.

    This is expected to also help bring economic growth to the southern half of the state. Because of the mountainous nature of the entire state, West Virginia has several notable tunnels and bridges.

    The most famous of these is the New River Gorge Bridge , which was at a time the longest steel single-arch bridge in the world with a 3,foot m span.

    The bridge is also pictured on the West Virginia state quarter. The Fort Steuben Bridge Weirton-Steubenville Bridge was at the time of its construction one of only three cable-stayed steel girder trusses in the United States.

    The Wheeling Suspension Bridge was the first bridge built across the Ohio River in and for a time was the longest suspension bridge in the world.

    It is still the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in the United States still in use. Originally, the state capital was in Wheeling to It was then moved to Charleston, a more central city to However it was returned to Wheeling in , until the capitol burned down in It was moved back to Charleston in , and it has been there since.

    West Virginia is also home to several professional minor league baseball, football, soccer, and other sports teams. West Virginia's folk heritage is a part of the Appalachian folk music tradition, and includes styles of fiddling , ballad singing, and other styles that draw on Scots-Irish music.

    The first conductor was William R. Wiant, followed by the conductor Antonio Modarelli, who was written about in the November 7, Time Magazine for his composition of the River Saga , a six-section program piece about the Kanawha River according to the Charleston Gazette ' s November 6, photo essay, "Snapshots of the 20th Century".

    The Pulitzer Prize -winning 20th-century composer George Crumb was born in Charleston and earned his bachelor's degree there before moving outside the state.

    There had also been a series of operatic style concerts performed in Wheeling during mid-century as well. The West Virginia Cultural Center in Charleston [] is home to the West Virginia Division of Culture and History, [] which helps underwrite and coordinate a large number of musical activities.

    The center is also home to Mountain Stage , an internationally broadcast live-performance music radio program established in which is carried by many affiliates of National Public Radio.

    The center hosts concerts sponsored by the Friends of Old Time Music and Dance, which brings an assortment of acoustic roots music to West Virginians.

    Huntington's historic Keith-Albee Theatre , built by brothers A. Hyman, was originally opened to the public on May 7, , and hosts a variety of performing arts and music attractions.

    The theatre was eventually gifted to Marshall University and is currently going through renovation to restore it to its original splendor.

    Every summer Elkins hosts the Augusta Heritage Festival, which brings folk musicians from around the world. The Mountaineer Opera House in Milton hosts a variety of musical acts.

    The song mentions the Shenandoah River and the Blue Ridge Mountains , both features traversing the easternmost extremity of the state's "eastern panhandle", in Jefferson County.

    It is a day full day of music by community groups, food, and family fun, culminating in a free performance by the West Virginia Symphony Orchestra with a fireworks display following.

    The event began in and is held on the front lawn of the University of Charleston. It is for the eight public high schools in Kanawha County.

    The festival began in Former state parks: Booker T. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. State of the United States of America.

    This article is about the U. For other uses, see West Virginia disambiguation. For the region in the Western United States, see Mountain states.

    For other uses, see WV disambiguation. State in the United States. Spruce Knob [1] [2] [3]. Potomac River at Virginia border [2] [3]. Main article: History of West Virginia.

    Further information: Prehistory of West Virginia. Further information: Protohistory of West Virginia. Main articles: Vandalia colony and Westsylvania.

    See also: History of slavery in West Virginia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

    Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Geography of West Virginia. Main article: Geology of West Virginia.

    Further information: Climate change in West Virginia. Largest cities or towns in West Virginia Source: [75]. Religion in West Virginia [82] religion percent Protestant.

    Main article: Economy of West Virginia. See also: West Virginia locations by per capita income. The examples and perspective in this article may not include all significant viewpoints.

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    Further information: West Virginia Legislature. Further information: List of Governors of West Virginia. Main article: Transportation in West Virginia.

    Main article: Education in West Virginia. Further information: List of colleges and universities in West Virginia. Main article: Music of West Virginia.

    United States portal. Bureau of Labor Statistics". NGS data sheet. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 24, United States Geological Survey.

    Archived from the original on October 15, The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 9, Archived from the original on March 8, Retrieved March 8, Appalachian Regional Commission.

    Archived from the original on September 17, Retrieved November 13, A History of West Virginia , pp. Stalagmite Points to Surprising Carbon Footprint".

    Archived from the original on April 20, Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Pearson Education Retrieved August 17, III, p.

    Raleigh, , p. October 23, Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved March 17, Fall Sectionalism in Virginia from — Amber, A History of West Virginia , pp.

    New York Times. Archived from the original on July 19, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved July 31, Archived from the original on April 7, Cecil and Samuel L.

    Graham, who also represented Tazewell and Buchanan counties, which are still part of Virginia. Both Cecil and Graham voted in favor of the Ordinance.

    See Pendleton, William C. Ambler, Charles H. A History of West Virginia , pg. McGregor "The Disruption of Virginia", pg. Curry "A House Divided", pg.

    Ambler "The History of West Virginia", pg. Archived from the original on March 7, Curry "A House Divided", pgs. Norton , p. West Virginia , 78 U. Archived from the original on July 7, Retrieved July 2, West Virginia, U.

    State of West Virginia. Archived from the original on June 16, Retrieved February 18, Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved November 12, Information Please.

    Archived from the original on July 23, Retrieved July 7, Archived from the original on February 8, S Geological Survey. April 29, Archived from the original on November 2, Retrieved November 9, Archived from the original on October 1, Geological Society of America Bulletin.

    Bibcode : GSAB Abstract: "Mountain complexes result from irregular successions of tectonic responses due to sea-floor spreading, shifting lithosphere plates, transform faults, and colliding, coupled, and uncoupled continental margins.

    Archived from the original on December 9, Retrieved November 11, West Virginia University Health Office. Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved December 24, March 4, Retrieved March 4, United States Census Bureau.

    Archived from the original on September 18, Retrieved December 6, Archived from the original on July 25, US Census.

    Archived from the original on February 12, Retrieved August 7, US Census Bureau. Archived from the original PDF on December 4, Retrieved August 24, Census Bureau.

    Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Archived PDF from the original on October 16, Biggest US Cities.

    Archived PDF from the original on September 11, Retrieved July 14, Archived PDF from the original on February 14, Archived PDF from the original on July 18, Archived PDF from the original on June 3, Retrieved May 7, Wenn du kannst, hilf bitte mit bei der Übersetzung!

    Karte von West Virginia. Dieser Artikel ist in wesentlichen Teilen noch sehr kurz und in vielen Teilen noch in der Entwurfsphase.

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