Übersetzung für 'faerie' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für [fairy im Online-Wörterbuch nmd-info.nu ( Deutschwörterbuch). fairy - Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. Stichwörter und Wendungen sowie Übersetzungen.
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Bitte hilf auch bei der Prüfung anderer Übersetzungsvorschläge mit! Limited Input Mode - Mehr als ungeprüfte Übersetzungen! Various folk theories about the origins of fairies include casting them as either demoted angels or demons in a Christian tradition, as minor deities in pre-Christian Pagan belief systems, as spirits of the dead, as prehistoric precursors to humans , or as elementals.
The label of fairy has at times applied only to specific magical creatures with human appearance, small stature, magical powers, and a penchant for trickery.
At other times it has been used to describe any magical creature, such as goblins and gnomes. Fairy has at times been used as an adjective, with a meaning equivalent to "enchanted" or "magical".
A recurring motif of legends about fairies is the need to ward off fairies using protective charms. Common examples of such charms include church bells, wearing clothing inside out, four-leaf clover , and food.
Fairies were also sometimes thought to haunt specific locations, and to lead travelers astray using will-o'-the-wisps.
Before the advent of modern medicine , fairies were often blamed for sickness, particularly tuberculosis and birth deformities.
In addition to their folkloric origins, fairies were a common feature of Renaissance literature and Romantic art , and were especially popular in the United Kingdom during the Victorian and Edwardian eras.
The Celtic Revival also saw fairies established as a canonical part of Celtic cultural heritage. The English fairy derives from Old French form faierie , a derivation from faie from Vulgar Latin fata with the abstract noun suffix -erie.
In Old French romance, a faie or fee was a woman skilled in magic, and who knew the power and virtue of words, of stones, and of herbs.
In the sense of "land where fairies dwell", archaic spellings faery and faerie are still in use. Latinate fay is not related the Germanic fey , meaning "fated to die",  but some dictionaries do list "fey" as a kind of fairy.
Various folklore traditions refer to fairies euphemistically as wee folk , good folk , people of peace , fair folk Welsh: Tylwyth Teg , etc.
The term fairy is sometimes used to describe any magical creature, including goblins and gnomes , while at other times, the term describes only a specific type of ethereal creature or sprite.
Fairie was used adjectivally, meaning "enchanted" as in fairie knight , fairie queene , but also became a generic term for various "enchanted" creatures during the Late Middle English period.
Literature of the Elizabethan era conflated elves with the fairies of Romance culture, rendering these terms somewhat interchangeable.
The Victorian era and Edwardian era saw a heightened increase of interest in fairies. The Celtic Revival cast fairies as part of Ireland's cultural heritage.
Carole Silvers and others suggested this fascination of English antiquarians arose from a reaction to greater industrialization and loss of older folk ways.
Fairies are generally described as human in appearance and having magical powers. Diminutive fairies of various kinds have been reported through centuries, ranging from quite tiny to the size of a human child.
Some depictions of fairies show them with footwear, others as barefoot. Wings, while common in Victorian and later artworks, are rare in folklore; fairies flew by means of magic, sometimes perched on ragwort stems or the backs of birds.
Early modern fairies does not derive from a single origin; the term is a conflation of disparate elements from folk belief sources, influenced by literature and speculation.
The Scandinavian elves also served as an influence. Folklorists and mythologists have variously depicted fairies as: Folklorists have suggested that 'fairies' arose from various earlier beliefs, which lost currency with the advent of Christianity.
King James , in his dissertation Daemonologie , stated the term "faries" referred to illusory spirits demonic entities that prophesied to, consorted with, and transported the individuals they served; in medieval times , a witch or sorcerer who had a compact with a familiar spirit might receive these services.
A Christian tenet held that fairies were a class of "demoted" angels. In England's Theosophist circles of the 19th century, a belief in the "angelic" nature of fairies was reported.
The more Earthbound Devas included nature spirits , elementals , and fairies ,  which were described as appearing in the form of colored flames, roughly the size of a human.
Gardner had likened fairies to butterflies, whose function was to provide an essential link between the energy of the sun and the plants of Earth, describing them as having no clean-cut shape A theory held that fairies were originally worshiped as minor deities, such as nymphs and tree spirits ,  and with the burgeoning predominance of the Christian Church , reverence for these deities carried on, but in a dwindling state of perceived power.
Many deprecated deities of older folklore and myth were repurposed as fairies in Victorian fiction See the works of W. A recorded Christian belief of the 17th century cast all fairies as demons.
Lewis cast as a politic disassociation from faeries. The Triumph of the Moon , by Ronald Hutton. This contentious environment of thought contributed to the modern meaning of 'fairies'.
One belief held that fairies were spirits of the dead . This derived from many factors in common of various folklore and myths: A theory that fairy folklore evolved from folk memories of a prehistoric race: Proponents find support in the tradition of cold iron as a charm against fairies, viewed as a cultural memory of invaders with iron weapons displacing peoples who had just stone, bone, wood, etc.
In folklore, flint arrowheads from the Stone Age were attributed to the fairies as " elf-shot ",  while their green clothing and underground homes spoke to a need for camouflage and covert shelter from hostile humans, their magic a necessary skill for combating those with superior weaponry.
In a Victorian tenet of evolution, mythic cannibalism among ogres was attributed to memories of more savage races, practising alongside "superior" races of more refined sensibilities.
A theory that fairies, et al. Much folklore of fairies involves methods of protecting oneself from their malice, by means such as cold iron , charms see amulet , talisman of rowan trees or various herbs , or simply shunning locations "known" to be theirs, ergo avoiding offending any fairies.
More dangerous behaviors were also attributed to fairies; any form of sudden death might have stemmed from a fairy kidnapping, the evident corpse a magical replica of wood.
In Scottish folklore , fairies are divided into the Seelie Court more beneficently inclined, but still dangerous , and the Unseelie Court more malicious.
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